What is bifurcation blockage of the heart?
A bifurcation blockage or bifurcation lesion is narrowing or stenosis in a major coronary artery and an adjacent side-branch vessel of the heart.
When does a bifurcation blockage happen?
As a result of some alterations in blood flow, plaque and fatty build-up are more likely to form at the location where a side-branch vessel originates from the main coronary artery.
Is the bifurcation lesion a challenging case?
According to interventionalists, bifurcation blockages are more complicated cases to cure than other coronary blockages, thats because current stents do not come in a “Y” form.
What are the treatment approaches for bifurcation blockage?
The treatment procedure for bifurcation lesions is sometimes challenging, however, experienced interventionists have developed a unique method to customize patient therapy for these lesions.
The treatment technique for bifurcation blockages comprises the following to maximize outcomes with current technology:
●If ever possible, try to avoid using more than one stent (except under certain situations). When more than one stent is utilized to remove a blockage, the chance of blood clots forming on the stents increases. As a result, the patient’s blood-thinning regimen needs more adjustments.
●The interventionalist inserts a second guide wire through the stent in the main vessel and performs a side-by-side or “kissing balloon” dilatation after the first stent has been placed.
These methods are always being improved. Based on the type of cardiovascular disease, the location of the disease, the patient’s age, and any co-existing medical disorders, each patient is assessed to find the best treatment choice.